Typically, the judge and the parties also discuss the possibility of settlement of the case. Objection to dischargeability A trustee’s or creditor’s objection to the debtor being released from personal liability for certain dischargeable debts. Common reasons include allegations that the debt to be discharged was incurred by false pretenses or that debt arose because of the debtor’s fraud while acting as a fiduciary. Chapter 7 The chapter of the Bankruptcy Code providing for “liquidation,” that is, the sale of a debtor’s nonexempt property and the distribution of the proceeds to creditors. In order to be eligible for Chapter 7, the debtor must satisfy a “means test.” The court will evaluate the debtor’s income and expenses to determine if the debtor may proceed under Chapter 7. Chapter 13 The chapter of the Bankruptcy Code providing for the adjustment of debts of an individual with regular income, often referred to as a “wage-earner” plan. Chapter 13 allows a debtor to keep property and use his or her disposable income to pay debts over time, usually three to five years.
Defendant An individual against whom a lawsuit is filed. Read more about law dictionary here. Contingent claim A claim that may be owed by the debtor under certain circumstances, e.g., where the debtor is a cosigner on another person’s loan and that person fails to pay. Consumer debts Debts incurred for personal, as opposed to business, needs. Community service A special condition the court imposes that requires an individual to work – without pay – for a civic or nonprofit organization. Brief A written statement submitted in a trial or appellate proceeding that explains one side’s legal and factual arguments.
The estate technically becomes the temporary legal owner of all of the debtor’s property. Adversary proceeding A lawsuit arising in or related to a bankruptcy case that begins by filing a complaint with the court, that is, a “trial” that takes place within the context of a bankruptcy case. California laws banning unlicensed people from openly carrying handguns in public are under greater legal threat after a court decision Thursday. Law court a place where people accused of crimes are tried and legal disagreements between people are judged.
DisclaimerAll content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. This site contains general legal information but does not constitute professional legal advice for your particular situation. The Law Dictionary is not a law firm, and this site does not create an attorney-client or legal adviser relationship. If you have specific questions, please consult a qualified attorney licensed in your jurisdiction. Ktsanes eventually sued the company and settled for $65,000. He did not report it on his taxes, and the IRS said it was taxable and sent him a tax bill.
If all the judges completely agree on the result, one judge will write the opinion for all. If all the judges do not agree, the formal decision will be based upon the view of the majority, and one member of the majority will write the opinion.
Locate your Rules, Codes or Restatement: To export a TOC (table of contents), you’ll first want to locate your resource.
Yet when retirement payments commence, the retirement payments are normally taxed. If you’re not sure how to outline your memo, jury instructions can help by explaining a cause of action, outlining the essential elements of a claim and providing relevant primary law all in one spot. For example, the entry for the legal term of art in Black’s Law Dictionary contains a definition and references two Supreme Court opinions. In other words, understanding a particular action requires applying the theory’s laws and deriving a solution. This isn’t just any law school, it’s the one that has more judges in more courtrooms than any other. Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
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Get more accurate and efficient results with the power of AI, cognitive computing, and machine learning. HighQ A business management tool for legal professionals that automates workflow. Simplify project management, increase profits, and improve client satisfaction. Find plain-English definitions for legal terms by browsing Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. You can also purchase Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary as a downloadable eBook or as a paperback. Writ A written court order directing a person to take, or refrain from taking, a certain act.
By Editor in Chief Bryan A. Garner, the world’s leading legal lexicographer, the 11th edition is the most authoritative, comprehensive law dictionary ever published. Witness A person called upon by either side in a lawsuit to give testimony before the court or jury.
The Plain Language Law Dictionary is a collection of over a thousand common legal terms defined in simple, everyday language. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use . Focusing primarily on English law, it also provides a one-stop source of information for any of the many countries that base their legal system on English law. Now providing more information than ever before, this edition features recommended web links for many entries. For more than a century, Black’s Law Dictionary has been the gold standard for the language of law. Today, it’s the most widely cited law book in the world.
In Shannon Fernandez’s case, her divorce was finalized in 2007. It awarded her with a percentage of her former husband’s retirement benefits. The disability retirement pay commenced when her husband became disabled. He received service-connected disability retirement benefits from 1993 until 2007. This dividing line may sound simple, and it can be. Yet there are many tax disputes over these kinds of issues. Then, when you combine several tax rules, the complexity gets worse.